- AU, African Union
A supranational intergovernmental organisation that officially saw the light of day in 2002, with the first summit of heads of state and government. It takes in almost all the African nations, with the exception of Morocco, and has its headquarters in Addis Ababa, in Ethiopia. The AU is founded on the principles of democracy, human rights, the rule of law and good governance; its mission is to promote peace, security and stability on the continent in addition to fostering grass-roots participation and good government. Unlike the Organisation of African Unity, from which it descends, its policy is also to intervene in conflicts inside the states in cases of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.